Original Research

A psychological insight of Moroccan adults’ immunisation behaviour towards emergency vaccines

Nour El Houda Benkaddour, Hind Khalil, Asmae Lekfif, Naima Abda, Bouchra Oneib, Yassamine Bentata
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 16, No 1 | a4353 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v16i1.4353 | © 2024 Nour El Houda Benkaddour, Hind Khalil, Asmae Lekfif, Naima Abda, Bouchra Oneib, Yassamine Bentata | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 October 2023 | Published: 03 May 2024

About the author(s)

Nour El Houda Benkaddour, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed First University, Oujda, Morocco
Hind Khalil, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed First University, Oujda, Morocco
Asmae Lekfif, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed First University, Oujda, Morocco
Naima Abda, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed First University, Oujda, Morocco
Bouchra Oneib, Maternal-Infant and Mental Health Research Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed First University, Oujda, Morocco; and Department of Psychiatry, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Oujda, Morocco
Yassamine Bentata, Laboratory of Epidemiology, Clinical Research and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed First University, Oujda, Morocco; and Nephrology and Kidney Transplantation Unit, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Oujda, Morocco

Abstract

Background: The psychology of vaccination behaviour explains how thoughts and feelings influence people’s willingness to receive vaccines. Understanding vaccination behaviour is crucial to successfully managing vaccination campaigns.

Aim: Investigating factors associated with immunisation stress among students at Mohammed First University.

Setting: This study was conducted on students at Mohammed First University institutions.

Methods: This study is a descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study. It was conducted on 305 students at Mohammed First University institutions using a 90-item questionnaire.

Results: Three hundred and five participants have been included in this survey. Overall, 65.5% of the students in our sample had a positive perception towards COVID-19 vaccines. Nevertheless, 34.5% had a negative opinion regarding immunisation. According to the analysis of perceived stress scale, 40% (n = 122) of students expressed moderate to high stress regarding vaccination. Students with a negative perception of vaccine showed a higher level of stress than those with a positive one. Stressed students tended to be older than others, coming from other institutions, other than the medical faculty, and were renting alone. Vaccine accessibility was the less significant reason associated with stress regarding vaccination. Moreover, participants with high levels of confidence in social media, exhibited higher stress. Nevertheless, those who believed in scientific journals were significantly less stressed.

Conclusion: These results reflect a positive perception and acceptance of vaccines, with a considerable level of stress regarding vaccination.

Contribution: This study suggests emphasising the mental health of Moroccan young adults, to better sensitise and inform them about immunisation.


Keywords

vaccination behaviour; stress; COVID-19; young adults; university students; Morocco.

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

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