Original Research

Prevalence and pattern of intimate partner violence among men and women in Edo State, Southern Nigeria

Tijani I.A. Oseni, Tawakalit O. Salam, Temitope Ilori, Mojeed O. Momoh
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 14, No 1 | a3147 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v14i1.3147 | © 2022 Tijani I.A. Oseni, Tawakalit O. Salam, Temitope Ilori, Mojeed O. Momoh | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 July 2021 | Published: 18 August 2022

About the author(s)

Tijani I.A. Oseni, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria; and, Department of Family Medicine, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria
Tawakalit O. Salam, Department of Family Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Temitope Ilori, Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Mojeed O. Momoh, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Irrua, Nigeria


Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a growing concern in Nigeria and globally. Although women are at greater risk of IPV, men are also affected, but this is less reported.

Aim: This study sought to determine the prevalence and pattern of IPV among the respondents and to compare the pattern of IPV among the male and female respondents.

Setting: The study was conducted in six towns (local government headquarters) across the three senatorial districts in Edo State, Southern Nigeria.

Methods: The study was a descriptive, cross-sectional, community-based study. A multistage sampling technique was used in selecting 1227 respondents from Edo State, Southern Nigeria. A semistructured, interviewer-administered questionnaire and the Extended Hurt, Insult, Threaten, Scream (E-HITS) tool were used to collect data, which were analysed with Epi Info version

Results: The study found an IPV prevalence of 37.7% among the respondents (confidence interval [CI]: 95%, odds ratio [OR]: 0.169–0.294). The mean age was 38 ± 12 and respondents were mostly female (725, 59.1%), married (770, 62.8%) and unemployed (406, S33.1%), with a tertiary level of education (766, 62.4%). Intimate partner violence was significantly higher among women compared with men (95% CI: 4.474, OR: 3.425–5.846). The pattern of IPV showed a lower OR between sexual and physical IPV (95% CI: 0.276, OR: 0.157–0.485). There was a higher likelihood of IPV among married women (95% CI: 1.737, OR: 1.279–2.358).

Conclusion: There is a need to improve the socio-economic status of the Nigerian populace, especially women. Healthy, nonviolent and safe relationships should be promoted in communities by signalling what is socially unacceptable and strengthening sanctions against perpetrators.


prevalence; pattern; intimate; partner; abuse; Nigeria


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Crossref Citations

1. Factors associated with married women’s attitude toward intimate partner violence: A study on 20 low-and middle-income countries
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Health Care for Women International  first page: 1  year: 2024  
doi: 10.1080/07399332.2024.2319214