Original Research

Profile and correlates of functional status in elderly patients presenting at a primary care clinic in Nigeria

Samuel A. Ajayi, Lawrence A. Adebusoye, Adetola M. Ogunbode, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Ayodeji M. Adebayo
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 7, No 1 | a810 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v7i1.810 | © 2015 Samuel A. Ajayi, Lawrence A. Adebusoye, Adetola M. Ogunbode, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Ayodeji M. Adebayo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 18 December 2014 | Published: 13 July 2015

About the author(s)

Samuel A. Ajayi, Family Medicine Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Lawrence A. Adebusoye, Family Medicine Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Adetola M. Ogunbode, Family Medicine Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria
Joshua O. Akinyemi, Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Ayodeji M. Adebayo, Department of Preventive Medicine and Primary Care, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria


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Abstract

Background: Assessing the functional status of elderly patients is central in measuring their health outcome. Little is known about the functional status of elderly patients attending our primary care clinic in Nigeria.

Objective: To assess the correlates of functional status in elderly patients presenting at the General Outpatient Clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Method: A cross-sectional study of 360 randomly selected patients aged 60 years and above was undertaken to assess their functional status by scoring their basic activities of daily living (BADL) using the Modified Bathel Index. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to obtain the socio-demographic data, anthropometric measurements and morbidities of each patient.

Results: The mean age was 69.1 ± 6.6 years with a female-to-male ratio of 1.9: 1. The prevalence of overall functional disability (defined as when assistance was sought in the performance of at least one of the components of BADL) was 88.3%. The highest prevalence of functionaldisability was experienced in the area of personal hygiene and grooming (95.3%) and transferring from bed to chair (95.3%). Overall functional disability significantly increasedwith increasing age (χ2 for trend=14.004, p < 0.0001), living in a polygamous family unit (p = 0.025), and lack of formal education (p = 0.020).

Conclusion: Functional disability was high amongst the elderly in this setting. Age, education, and living in a polygamous type of family unit had significant influence on the functional status. High premium should, therefore, be placed on considering these factors in reducing functional disability in the elderly.


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