Original Research

Active management of third stage of labour, post–partum haemorrhage and maternal death rate in the Vanga Health Zone, Province of Bandundu, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Jean-Pierre Fina Lubaki, Jean-Robert Musiti Ngolo, Lucie Zikudieka Maniati
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 2, No 1 | a76 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v2i1.76 | © 2010 Jean-Pierre Fina Lubaki, Jean-Robert Musiti Ngolo, Lucie Zikudieka Maniati | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 April 2009 | Published: 15 July 2010

About the author(s)

Jean-Pierre Fina Lubaki, Vanga Hospital, Province of Bandundu, Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
Jean-Robert Musiti Ngolo, Central Office of Vanga Health Zone, Province of Bandundu, Congo, the Democratic Republic of the
Lucie Zikudieka Maniati, Maternal Child Health Integrated Program, Kinshasa, Congo, the Democratic Republic of the


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Abstract

Background: Post-partum haemorrhage (PPH) is the single largest cause of maternal death worldwide and a particular burden for developing countries. In Africa, about 33.9 % of maternal deaths are due to PPH. In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the prevalence of PPH is unknown. PPH can be prevented with active management of the third stage of labour (AMTSL).

Objectives: To describe the practice of AMTSL in Vanga Health Zone and to calculate the incidence of PPH in Vanga Health Zone.

Method: An intervention study with post-test-only design was conducted among health maternity wards using a data collection sheet to obtain information. All pregnant women attending Vanga Health maternity wards constituted the study population. Frequencies were determined for variables of interest.

Results: From April 2007 to March 2008, 6339 deliveries took place at Vanga Health maternity wards, representing 71% of the institutional delivery rate. The number of deliveries realised with the practice of (AMTSL) were 5562; 366 cases of PPH were reported, making an incidence of 5.77%. Three cases of maternal deaths – two of which were related to PPH – were reported during the study period, which means there was a decline of 70% compared with the previous two years.

Conclusion: The prevalence of PPH has been estimated to be 5.77%; PPH represents the cause of 67% of all maternal deaths. The extension of AMTSL practice, combined with the assurance of better supplies of oxytocin to enhance drug management, is strongly advised/suggested. As a number of births still take place outside the health maternity wards, the introduction of oral misoprostol could be considered a part of AMTSL for use by patients being treated by traditional midwives.


Keywords

active management of third stage of labor; post-partum haemorrhage; maternal death

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