Original Research

Community participation of patients 12 months post-stroke in Johannesburg, South Africa

Witness Mudzi, Aimee Stewart, Eustasius Musenge
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 5, No 1 | a426 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v5i1.426 | © 2013 Witness Mudzi, Aimee Stewart, Eustasius Musenge | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 February 2012 | Published: 24 January 2013

About the author(s)

Witness Mudzi, Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Aimee Stewart, Department of Physiotherapy, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Eustasius Musenge, Biostatistics and Epidemiology Division, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa


Background: Improvement in health-related quality of life (HRQL) is the main goal of rehabilitation. The ability of the stroke-patient to participate in various situations signifies successful rehabilitation. The aim of the study was to establish the extent of community participation and the barriers and facilitators to the participation for stroke patients after their discharge.

Method: This study formed part of a larger study focusing on the impact of caregiver education on stroke survivors and their careers. This was a longitudinal study comprising 200 patients with first-time ischaemic stroke. Although the patients were followed up at home at 3 months, 6 months and 12 months post-stroke, this paper focuses on the 12-months follow-up participation results. Patient functional ability was measured by using the Barthel Index (BI) and the Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI), whereas participation was measured by using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) checklist. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data.

Results: Patients experienced severe to complete difficulty when undertaking single and multiple tasks without help 12-months post-discharge. They struggled with the preparation of meals, household work and interpersonal interactions, and they had difficulties with community life and partaking in recreation and leisure activities. Immediate family and societal attitudes were viewed as facilitators to community participation whereas friends, transportation services and social security services were viewed as barriers to community participation.

Conclusion: The patient-ability to socialise and participate in community issues is currently poor. The identified barriers to community participation need to be addressed in order to improve patient-participation in the community post-stroke.


barriers to participation; caregivers; community participation; facilitators to participation; stroke


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Crossref Citations

1. Impact of social support on participation after stroke in Nigeria
Grace Oluwatitofunmi Vincent-Onabajo, Louis Oselene Ihaza, Muhammad Usman Ali, Mamman Ali Masta, Rebecca Majidadi, Ali Modu, Chuka Umeonwuka
Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation  vol: 23  issue: 5  first page: 305  year: 2016  
doi: 10.1080/10749357.2016.1155279