Original Research

Development and validation of a job aid: Tool to reduce infections in home-based stroke

Violet K. Chikanya, Sindiwe James
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 16, No 1 | a4221 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v16i1.4221 | © 2024 Violet K. Chikanya, Sindiwe James | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 July 2023 | Published: 06 May 2024

About the author(s)

Violet K. Chikanya, Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Science, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Sindiwe James, Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Science, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Stroke patients who are discharged from hospital because of limited access to rehabilitation facilities are cared for by lay caregivers who at times have limited knowledge of infection prevention and control (IPC). User-friendly educational interventions can help bridge this knowledge gap and enhance safe care of these persons.

Aim: To describe the development and validation of educational interventions for home-based stroke patients. The validation process enhanced the reliability and validity of the job aid resulting in standardised quality patient care of stroke patients.

Setting: Mutasa district, Manicaland province, Zimbabwe.

Methods: The systematic six steps in quality intervention development guided the development of the job aid. Graphic designers assisted with development of diagrams and annotations. A purposively selected eight-member panel of IPC expert reviewers was invited to validate the job aid using a standardised validation tool.

Results: The panel agreed that the job aid’s title, target group and media of instruction were adequately explained, and the background could be easily understood during practice. The content was approved with some modifications on the description of instructions to caregivers. Seven reviewers agreed that the materials used ensured understandability, acceptability, practicability and usability of the educational interventions by caregivers, and one reviewer was neutral in commenting effectiveness of the job aid.

Conclusion: The developed job aid addressed knowledge barriers in IPC for caregivers, and the reviewers confirmed that the developed job aid was adequate for effective use by lay home-based caregivers.

Contribution: Utilisation of this intervention standardises patient care practices.


Keywords

infections; interventions; job aid; primary caregivers; stroke

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

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