Original Research

Prevalence of excess weight and associated socio-demographic factors among postmenopausal women: A population-based study in Ghana

Isaac Mensah Bonsu, Corlia Brandt, Adedayo T. Ajidahun, Monday O. Moses, Hellen Myezwa
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 15, No 1 | a3781 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v15i1.3781 | © 2023 Isaac Mensah Bonsu, Corlia Brandt, Adedayo T. Ajidahun, Monday O. Moses, Hellen Myezwa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 August 2022 | Published: 09 March 2023

About the author(s)

Isaac Mensah Bonsu, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Therapeutic Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Corlia Brandt, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Therapeutic Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Adedayo T. Ajidahun, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Therapeutic Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
Monday O. Moses, Department of Physiotherapy and Sports Science, College of Health Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Hellen Myezwa, Department of Physiotherapy, School of Therapeutic Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Excess weight (obesity and overweight) is a pervasive condition that is considered a global epidemic and a threat to public health. Furthermore, numerous changes in fat deposits occur with the advent of menopause, leading to a change in the distribution of body fat. Knowledge of sociodemographic factors and prevalence can inform the effective management of these women.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of excess weight among postmenopausal women in Ghana’s Bono East (Techiman) region.

Setting: This study was conducted in Bono East regional capital, Techiman, Ghana.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted over 5 months at Bono East regional capital, Techiman in Ghana. Anthropometric parameters such as body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were obtained using physical measurements while socio-demographic data were gathered using questionnaires. Data analysis was performed using IBM SPSS 25.

Results: The mean age of the 378 women who participated in the study was 60.09 ± 6.24 years. Body mass index, WHtR and WHR indicated excess weight of 73.2%, 91.8% and 91.0%, respectively. Education and ethnicity were predictors of excess weight (WHR). Women of the Ga tribe with high school education have 4.7- and 8.6-times increased odds of having excess weight.

Conclusions: There are higher prevalence rates of excess weight (obesity and overweight) among postmenopausal women using BMI, WHtR and WHR. Education and ethnicity are predictors of excess weight.

Contribution: The study’s findings can be used to develop interventions that focus on addressing excess weight in postmenopausal women within the Ghanaian context.


Keywords

desirable weight; body mass index; obesity; postmenopausal; waist-to-height ratio; waist-to-hip ratio; prevalence.

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 3: Good health and well-being

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