Short Report – Special Collection: Climate Change

Climate change and primary health care in Sahelian Kano, Nigeria

Godpower C. Michael, Musa Dankyau
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 14, No 1 | a3745 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v14i1.3745 | © 2022 Godpower C. Michael, Musa Dankyau | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 15 July 2022 | Published: 19 December 2022

About the author(s)

Godpower C. Michael, Department of Family Medicine, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
Musa Dankyau, Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine and Heath Sciences, Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria

Abstract

Climate change (CC) is a global phenomenon that impacts several aspects of human existence. The Sustainable Development Goal 13 implores stakeholders to take action to mitigate the effects of CC. However, its impact on health, particularly primary health care, has not been thoroughly studied. Here, we share anecdotal experiences of the impact of CC on health and primary care presentations in Kano, Northwest, Nigeria. We observed consistent clinical presentations logically associated with high temperatures and excessive flooding in certain months of the year. Presentations range from skin and water-borne diseases to malnutrition and stress-related disorders. Our experience in Kano, Nigeria could be a valuable exposition of the diversity of the impact of CC on primary health care presentation in Africa, considering geographical and cultural differences. It also exposes the paucity of data regarding the impact of CC on primary care activities in Africa.

Contribution: In conclusion, CC has potential impacts on primary health care and practice. The full implications of CC on this vital level of care will require future research (quantitative and qualitative studies). This will help strategic intervention planning by stakeholders.


Keywords

climate change; primary care; primary health care; Nigeria; Sahel savanna

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