Scientific Letter

Factors associated with low contraceptive use amongst vulnerable mothers in South West State, Nigeria

Obasanjo A. Bolarinwa, Olalekan S. Olagunju, Akintayo T. Olaniyan
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 12, No 1 | a2552 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v12i1.2552 | © 2020 Obasanjo A. Bolarinwa, Olalekan S. Olagunju, Akintayo T. Olaniyan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 May 2020 | Published: 18 September 2020

About the author(s)

Obasanjo A. Bolarinwa, Department of Public Health Medicine, School of Nursing and Public Health, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Olalekan S. Olagunju, Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Akintayo T. Olaniyan, Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria


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Abstract

Background: Young mothers tend to be more prone to high maternal and perinatal risks and are thus deemed vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHR) in terms of their right to choose contraceptives of their choice to enhance their maternal well-being and childbirth spacing should be well discussed. Achieving sufficient SRHR may be averted if the use of family planning by disadvantaged groups is not given required attention.

Aim: This study aimed to identify and analyse the factors associated with the low use of contraceptives amongst vulnerable women in the South West region in Nigeria.

Setting: The study area was purposively chosen to capture contraceptive use amongst vulnerable women in Osun State, Nigeria.

Methods: A primary data collection was done in three senatorial districts of Osun State, Nigeria, with 140 respondents each to give a total of 420 respondents. Collected data were analysed using univariate, bivariate and multivariate measures.

Results: The result showed a magnitude of association and relationship at both levels of analyses. Living arrangements and family types were 89% and 88.3%, respectively, associated with family planning use. In the same vein, living arrangement and family types were also statistically significant at p < 0.05with an odds ratio of 0.23 (95% CI: 0.1184–0.4583) and an odds ratio of 0.35 (95% CI: 0.1756–0.6970) with family planning use, respectively.

Conclusion: We concluded that policies and interventions to accelerate and encourage contraceptives use amongst vulnerable mothers in South West, Nigeria should be targeted at those whose husbands lived elsewhere and those whose husbands have more than one wife.


Keywords

family type; living arrangement; family planning; vulnerable; south west; Nigeria

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