Original Research

The prevalence of abdominal obesity and hypertension amongst adults in Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Isaac O. Amole, Akintayo D. OlaOlorun, Louis O. Odeigah, Stephen A. Adesina
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 3, No 1 | a188 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v3i1.188 | © 2011 Isaac O. Amole, Akintayo D. OlaOlorun, Louis O. Odeigah, Stephen A. Adesina | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 April 2010 | Published: 08 March 2011

About the author(s)

Isaac O. Amole, Department of Family Medicine, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
Akintayo D. OlaOlorun, Department of Family Medicine, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
Louis O. Odeigah, Department of Family Medicine, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria
Stephen A. Adesina, Department of Family Medicine, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria


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Abstract

Background:In many developing countries obesity and obesity-related morbidity are now becoming a problem of increasing importance. Obesity is associated with a number of disease conditions, including hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, gallstones, respiratory system problems and sleep apnoea.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and obesity, as classified according to waist circumference (WC), and further to determine whether there was any association between abdominal obesity and hypertension amongst adults attending the Baptist Medical Centre, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.

Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 400 adults aged 18 years or older was conducted. Blood pressure and WC measurements were taken and participants completed a standardised questionnaire.

Results: A group of 400 participants were randomly selected (221 women; 179 men), with a mean age of 48.7 ± 16.6 years. The overall prevalence of obesity as indicated by WC was 33.8%(men = 8.9%; women = 53.8%). Women were significantly more sedentary than men (50.8% for men vs 62.4% for women, p < 0.05). Most of the obese participants’ families also preferred high-energy foods (85.2%, p > 0.05). Overall prevalence of hypertension amongst the study population was 50.5%, but without a significant difference between men and women (52.0% for men vs 49.3% for women, p > 0.05). The prevalence of hypertension amongst the obese subset, however, was 60.0%.

Conclusion: Prevalence of abdominal obesity was found to be particularly significant amongst women in this setting and was associated with hypertension, physical inactivity and the consumption of high-energy diets.


Keywords

Abdominal obesity; blood pressure; hypertension; Nigeria; waist circumference

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Crossref Citations

1. Estimating the Prevalence and Awareness Rates of Hypertension in Africa: A Systematic Analysis
Davies Adeloye, Catriona Basquill, Renate B. Schnabel
PLoS ONE  vol: 9  issue: 8  first page: e104300  year: 2014  
doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104300