Original Research

Relationship between adolescents’ family function with socio-demographic characteristics and behaviour risk factors in a primary care facility

Abu S. Muyibi, Ike-Oluwapo O. Ajayi, Achiaka E. Irabor, Modupe M.A Ladipo
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 2, No 1 | a177 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v2i1.177 | © 2010 Abu S. Muyibi, Ike-Oluwapo O. Ajayi, Achiaka E. Irabor, Modupe M.A Ladipo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 March 2010 | Published: 29 October 2010

About the author(s)

Abu S. Muyibi, Family Medicine/General Outpatients Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, Nigeria
Ike-Oluwapo O. Ajayi, Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health (EMSEH), University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, Nigeria
Achiaka E. Irabor, Family Medicine/General Outpatients Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeriaa, Nigeria
Modupe M.A Ladipo, Department of Epidemiology, Medical Statistics and Environmental Health (EMSEH), University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria, Nigeria


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Abstract

Background: The family as a unit of care has great effect in tackling adolescent problems and this could be influenced by family functioning.

Objective: This study assesses the relationship between adolescents’ family functioning with socio-demographic characteristics and behavioural risk factors.

Method: The research was a cross-sectional, hospital-based study carried out at the General Outpatients Department, University College Hospital (GOPD,UCH), Ibadan, over a period of three months. Four hundred subjects were recruited using a modified Guideline for Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) questionnaire, with an incorporated family APGAR (Adaptation,Partnership, Growth, Affection, Resolve) score table. The results were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 11 and the findings on the family assessment and behavioural risk factors were relayed to the respondents.

Results: The ages of the adolescents ranged from 10 to 19 years. Of the subjects, 8% were sexually active. Mean age for first coitus among the respondents was 15 ± 2.4 years. The rate of ingestion of alcohol and cigarette smoking was very low. The family APGAR scores obtained revealed that 84.5% subjects were rated as having a functional family (7–10 points) and 15.5% of the subjects were rated as having a dysfunctional family (0–6 points). There was a significant association between perceived family function and subjects’ occupation (p = 0.01), parent social class (p = 0.00) and subjects’ sexual activities (p = 0.00).

Conclusion: The majority of the adolescents were rated as having functional families. Dysfunctional families had significantly sexually active respondents.


Keywords

Adolescents; behavioural risk factors; family function; relationships; primary care facility

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