Original Research

Health status of families: A comparative study of one-parent and two-parent families in Ondo State, Nigeria

Cecilia B. Bello, Omolola Irinoye, Oluwaseyi A. Akpor
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 10, No 1 | a1550 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v10i1.1550 | © 2018 Cecilia B. Bello, Omolola Irinoye, Oluwaseyi A. Oyedele | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 June 2017 | Published: 31 July 2018

About the author(s)

Cecilia B. Bello, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Nigeria
Omolola Irinoye, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Nigeria
Oluwaseyi A. Akpor, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Nigeria


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Abstract

Background: The family plays a central role in the provision and maintenance of health status of its members and all factors that contribute to achieving optimal health.

 

Aim: To compare the health status of one-parent and two-parent families using the McMaster model of family functioning.

 

Setting: Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria.

 

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional design, using multi-stage simple random sampling technique. Data were collected using an adopted self-administered questionnaire from 250 purposely selected families from each sample group. The data entering was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 17.0.

 

Results: Findings showed that one-parent fathers scored higher (mean = 74.4 ± 10.30) than two-parent fathers (70.5 ± 13.05), while one-parent mothers scored higher (mean = 69.7 ± 15.10) than two-parent mothers (mean 67.7 ± 14.78). This means that one-parent fathers have a better self-reported health status than two-parent fathers, while one-parent mothers have a better self-reported health status than two-parent mothers. One-parent fathers have the best self-reported health status. No significant (p > 0.05) difference in the health status of children from both families.

 

Conclusion: Fathers are healthier than mothers, while one-parent fathers are healthier than two-parent fathers. Comparing the two groups of families, parents from one-parent families reported better health status than parents from two-parent families, whereas within each family group, fathers reported better health status than mothers. This places responsibility on health care professionals to explore family contexts during clinic visits so as to render a more comprehensive health care service to families.


Keywords

Health status; health care; one-parent families; two-parent families

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