Original Research

Food fortification knowledge in women of child-bearing age at Nkowankowa township in Mopani District, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Selekane A. Motadi, Vanessa Mbhatsani, Kulani O. Shilote
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 8, No 2 | a922 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v8i2.922 | © 2016 Selekane A. Motadi, Vanessa Mbhatsani, Kulani O. Shilote | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 July 2015 | Published: 29 July 2016

About the author(s)

Selekane A. Motadi, Department of Nutrition, University of Venda, South Africa
Vanessa Mbhatsani, Department of Nutrition, University of Venda, South Africa
Kulani O. Shilote, Department of Nutrition, University of Venda, South Africa


Background: Globally, there is evidence that three micronutrients deficiencies are of public health concern among children. They are vitamin A, iodine and iron deficiencies. Communities particularly affected are those in situations where poverty, unemployment, civil unrest, war and exploitation remain endemic. Malnutrition is an impediment to productivity, economic growth and poverty eradication. It is estimated that 32% of the global burden would be removed by eliminating malnutrition, including micronutrients deficiencies.

Setting: The study was carried out in NkowaNkowa township of Mopani District, Limpopo Province, South Africa.

Aim: The main objective was to determine the women’s knowledge on food fortification.

Methods: The study design was descriptive. The snowballing method was used to identify women of child-bearing age. Data were collected from 120 participants using a questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of socio-demographic, general questions on women’s knowledge on food fortification. The questionnaire was administered by the researcher using the local language Xitsonga.

Results: The findings of the study revealed that a majority of 204 (57.0%) of the participants were able to define food fortification correctly while 257 (72.0%) of the participants knew which foods are fortified as well as the benefits of a food fortification programme. The majority (252 [70.0%]) of the participants knew that maize meal is one of the food vehicle used for fortification in South Africa.

Conclusion: Most of the questions were answered correctly by more than 50.0% of the participants. The researcher deduced that the study participants are knowledgeable about food fortification based on the response given in relation to the programme.


knowledge; food fortification; child bearing age


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