Original Research

Zero new HIV infections: Mission impossible with current perceptions of young adults in Vhembe District regarding condom use

Azwihangwisi H. Mavhandu-Mudzusi
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 8, No 2 | a920 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v8i2.920 | © 2016 Azwihangwisi H. Mavhandu-Mudzusi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 July 2015 | Published: 25 May 2016

About the author(s)

Azwihangwisi H. Mavhandu-Mudzusi, Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, South Africa


Background: Millennium Development Goal (MDG) number 6, target 6A focuses on halting and reversing the spread of HIV by 2015. South Africa is amongst the 189 countries that are involved in trying to meet the MDGs. In order to try and achieve this goal, South Africa, through its HIV and AIDS, STI and TB strategic plans has adopted the United Nations vision of ‘Zeros’, which include zero new HIV infections by the year 2015. One of the key interventions for achieving this is improvement in access to condoms.

Aim: This article reports on perceptions of Vhembe District young adults regarding condom use.

Setting: This study was conducted in one of the rural clinics in Vhembe District of the Limpopo Province: South Africa.

Methods: A quantitative, cross-sectional design approach was followed. Data were collected using structured questionnaires administered to 372 young adults who came for healthcare services at one of the clinics in Vhembe District.

Results: The findings indicated that there is a relationship between positive perceptions toward condom use and actual condom use. People who have positive attitudes toward condoms are also more likely to use them. In contrast, people with a negative attitude towards condoms are less likely to use them during sexual intercourse. Negative attitudes of health care providers were found to be a barrier that prevents sexually active individuals to access condoms in primary health care facilities.

Conclusion: With current peceptions towards condom use, Zero new HIV infection will never be achieved. The researcher recommends development of strategies for promoting access and correct use of condoms.

Keywords: Condom use, perception, young adults


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