Scientific Letter

The characteristics of HIV and AIDS patients with deep vein thrombosis at Dr. George Mukhari Academic Hospital

Indiran Govender, Honey L. Mabuza, Gboyega A Ogunbanjo
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 7, No 1 | a690 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v7i1.690 | © 2015 Indiran Govender, Honey L. Mabuza, Gboyega A Ogunbanjo | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 28 March 2014 | Published: 27 March 2015

About the author(s)

Indiran Govender, Department of Family Medicine & PHC, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences, South Africa
Honey L. Mabuza, Department of Family Medicine & PHC, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences
Gboyega A Ogunbanjo, Department of Family Medicine & PHC, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is 10 times more prevalent in HIV and AIDS patients than in the general population and is more common in patients with severe immune suppression (CD4 < 200 cells/mL). Opportunistic infections render HIV and AIDS patients susceptible to a hypercoaguable state, including lower protein S levels.

 

Aim and setting: To present the profile of HIV and AIDS patients who developed DVT in the primary care wards of Dr. George Mukhari Academic Hospital (DGMAH), Garankuwa.

 

Methods: Cross-sectional study of clinical records of admitted HIV and AIDS patients without DVT to the primary care wards, DGMAH, from 01 February 2010 to 31 January 2011.

 

Results: Two hundred and twenty-nine patients were admitted and 17 (7.4%) developed DVT. Of those that developed DVT, eight (47%) had infection with tuberculosis (TB), four (24%) had pneumonia and four (24%) had gastroenteritis. The risk of developing DVT was 8/94 (8.5%) in those with TB, 4/53 (7.5%) in those with gastroenteritis and 4/75 (5.3%) in those with pneumonia. The mean duration of stay was 14.1 days in those with DVT versus 4.0 days in those without.

 

Conclusion: HIV (and AIDS) is a hypercoaguable state and the risk of DVT is relatively high in patients with opportunistic infections. HIV and AIDS patients who are admitted to hospital with opportunistic infections may benefit from anti-thrombotic prophylaxis and further studies are needed to evaluate this.


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