Patient Study

Twin pregnancy in a bicornuate uterus in rural Kenya: A case report for accidental discovery and successful delivery

Hussein E. Elias, James A. Amisi
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 12, No 1 | a2198 | DOI: | © 2020 Hussein E. Elias, James A. Amisi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 July 2019 | Published: 21 July 2020

About the author(s)

Hussein E. Elias, Department of Family Medicine, College of Health Science, Moi, University, Eldoret, Kenya
James A. Amisi, Department of Family Medicine, College of Health Science, Moi, University, Eldoret, Kenya


Introduction: Uterine anomalies are often identified during pregnancy, during infertility evaluation or pregnancy miscarriage and have been associated with an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although some studies have documented the rare occurrence of spontaneous twin pregnancy in each horn of a bicornuate uterus, this is the first time this is being documented in Kenya, to the best of our knowledge. This is a rare occurrence and reporting of this case adds to the documentation of such cases.

Patient presentation: This is a case report for a 30-year-old female, para 2+0 at 34 weeks 4 days by dates, who presented with features of labour. Upon examination, she had normal vital signs and a fundal height of 38 weeks with multiple foetal parts both in cephalic presentation and two foetal heart rates within normal range. Her antenatal profile was non-contributory and had undergone two ultrasounds that confirmed twin gestation with no other notable findings.

Management and outcome: The patient had a spontaneous vertex delivery of the first twin with a good outcome. There was a delay in the delivery of the second twin and a caesarean section was done with an indication of non-reassuring foetal status and low-lying placenta. The bicornuate uterus was accidentally identified during the surgery. The outcome was good, with an APGAR score of 6 in the first minute and 9 at 10 min.

Conclusion: Although this is a rare occurrence, we would like to sensitise healthcare workers in rural low- to middle-income countries that this can occur, and they should attempt to increase antenatal diagnosis as it can influence the mode of delivery.


twin pregnancy; bicornuate uterus; rural Kenya; low-middle income country; Mullerian malformations; APGAR score


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