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Family medicine in Tanzania: Seize the moment

Riaz Ratanzi, Bernhard M. Gaede
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 12, No 1 | a2129 | DOI: | © 2020 Riaz Ratanzi, Bernhard M. Gaede | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 30 April 2019 | Published: 10 March 2020

About the author(s)

Riaz Ratanzi, Department of Family Medicine, Aga Khan University, Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania, United Republic of
Bernhard M. Gaede, Department of Family Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa


In the context of addressing the pressing health needs for the global population, the World Health Organization has repeatedly called for universal health coverage (UHC) to be prioritised by its member countries. This is to be achieved through a high-quality primary health care (PHC) approach that provides comprehensive and integrated generalist care as close to where people live as well as links the clinical care to health promotion and disease prevention. In this paper, we argue for the introduction of family medicines as a critical player in the healthcare system of Tanzania to strengthen the strategies towards UHC. The paper reviews how PHC is understood, the context of family medicine in sub-Saharan Africa and makes a case for how family medicine can assist in addressing the current burden of disease in Tanzania.


Family medicine; universal health coverage; health system; PHC; Tanzania


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Crossref Citations

1. The state of family medicine training programmes within the Primary Care and Family Medicine Education network
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African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine  vol: 12  issue: 1  year: 2020  
doi: 10.4102/phcfm.v12i1.2588