Original Research

Stress and resilience among women living with HIV in Nigeria

Aliyu Adamu, Gugu Mchunu, Joanne R. Naidoo
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 11, No 1 | a2046 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v11i1.2046 | © 2019 ALIYU ADAMU | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 02 February 2019 | Published: 23 October 2019

About the author(s)

Aliyu Adamu, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Gugu Mchunu, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
Joanne R. Naidoo, Department of Nursing Science, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Psychological morbidities concurrent with HIV have been the focus of considerable scientific investigations. However, researchers have largely overlooked HIV-related stress and resilience among women living with HIV in rural communities.

Aim: This study explored the associations between psychological resilience and HIV-related stress among women living with HIV.

Setting: The study was conducted in three randomly selected hospitals that provide primary HIV care in Niger state, Nigeria.

Methods: A predictive cross-sectional design was used to describe the relationship between perceived stress and resilience among the study population.

Results: Out of 748 participants who completed the Connor–Davidson resilience scale and the perceived stress scale questionnaires, 676 returned the questionnaire in usable form. While the results showed moderate levels of perceived stress and a high level of psychological resilience, there was a significant and negative relationship between HIV-related stress and psychological resilience (r = -0.601, p = < 0.001). Also, higher resilience was significantly associated with decreased perceived stress.

Conclusion: It is concluded that measures to promote resilience and employment opportunity may ameliorate HIV-related stress among women living with HIV.


Keywords

HIV; Nigeria; psychological resilience; stress; women

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