Original Research

Evidence of application of the Basic Antenatal Care principles of good care and guidelines in pregnant women’s antenatal care records

Ngxongo T.S. Patience, N.M. Sibiya, N.S. Gwele
African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine | Vol 8, No 2 | a1016 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v8i2.1016 | © 2016 Ngxongo T.S. Patience, N.M. Sibiya, N.S. Gwele | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 August 2015 | Published: 31 May 2016

About the author(s)

Ngxongo T.S. Patience, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Durban University of Technology, South Africa
N.M. Sibiya, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Durban University of Technology, South Africa
N.S. Gwele, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Durban University of Technology, South Africa


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Abstract

Background: Basic Antenatal Care (BANC) is an approach that is used in the public health institutions of South Africa to provide health care services to pregnant women. The approach was introduced as a quality improvement strategy based on the belief that good quality Antenatal Care (ANC) could reduce maternal and perinatal mortalities and improve maternal health.

Aim: The aim of this study was to analyse pregnant women’s ANC records for evidence suggesting that the BANC principles of good care and guidelines were being applied.

Setting: The study was conducted in the 12 primary health care clinics that were providing ANC services using the BANC approach in eThekwini district, KwaZulu-Natal.

Methods: A cross-sectional quantitative design was used to conduct the study. Data were collected through retrospective record review of 1200 maternity case records of the pregnant women who had attended for ANC services three or more times and was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.0.

Results: The majority of the processes detailed in the guidelines and principles of good care were evident in the records. However, several were missing or recorded in few reviews. These included the ANC plan, delivery plan, midwives’ counter signatures on the cards, assessment for foetal congenital abnormalities, and consent for HIV testing.

Conclusion: The study identified evidence of incomplete application of the BANC principles of good care and guidelines in pregnant women’s antenatal care records which indicated that the BANC approach was not being successfully implemented. Recommendations were made with regards to policy development, institutional management and practise, nursing education, and further research to assist in successful implementation of the BANC approach in line with the guidelines and principles of good care.

Keywords: antenatal care, antenatal visit, basic antenatal care, consultation, maternity case record.


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